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海綿家族 | 什麼是#濕地?


根據拉姆薩濕地公約對濕地的定義為:「無論天然或人為、永久或暫時、靜止或流

水、淡水或鹹水、或二者混合者,由沼澤、泥沼、泥煤地或水域所構成的區域,包

括水深在低潮時不超過六公尺之沿海區域者。」

濕地是有水、有土壤、有水生植物的環境;

陽光帶來能量,經由植物的光合作用孕育生命,

形成豐富的濕地生態。

濕地是擁有陸域與水域兩種環境的地帶,

像是紅樹林、沼澤、河川、湖泊、稻田及間帶,都是一種濕地。

 

| 濕地為什麼重要? |

濕地扮演著「水中生命基因庫」的角色,孕育了許多的動植物。

濕地就像大地的腎臟,

可以保存水中的養分、過濾掉化學污染物、積存懸浮物質。

濕地除了提供生態觀賞、徒步旅行等休閒遊憩活動。

也是自然教學的極佳場域 !

濕地提供廣大的蓄水範圍,

在地表水量過多時,讓水能有足夠的時間分流與入滲到地下,

吸納地表逕流、吸收和儲蓄洪水,

具有調節洪鋒水位的功能,藉而降低淹水災害;

當大地水分不足時,

吸收了大量水分的濕地即可釋放所含水分,

有助於資源以及空氣濕度的調節。

📣濕地有這麼多的功能,對維繫我們的生活環境品質有非常重要的價值 !

 

| #海綿城市 是什麼? |

海綿城市是指都市如海綿一樣具備吸水、儲水的能力,

使都市環境能適應氣候變遷下的旱澇災害,

同時兼具生態環保的功能。

海綿城市的建立包含了水利工程、環境工程、城市規劃與設計、防災、景觀、維生系統

等多面向的跨領域知識,

而濕地就如同小動畫中的海綿一樣,

能幫助都市加強吸水、排水的能力,

更有生態保育、淨化水質,以及調節都市氣候的各種功能,

是海綿城市概念中不可或缺的一分子!

| 景澤創意 X 濕地經營 |

景澤創意推廣濕地環境教育有許多經驗,

如社子島濕地、新北市大漢溪人工濕地等等,

尤其新北市大漢溪人工濕地包含八個濕地群,

後續將會為大家個別介紹,

也歡迎有空到大漢溪生態服務中心及濕地群參觀 !

 

📗參考資料

1. 台灣濕地網 https://wetland.e-info.org.tw/quiz/what-is-wetland

2. 綠色和平https://www.greenpeace.org/taiwan/update/23189

3. 內政部營建署城鄉發展分署

https://wetland-tw.tcd.gov.tw/tw/FaqContent.php?ID=58&secureChk=e3ae7224

7b6463f6d9df8dad67d65ae9

4. 行政院工程委員會

https://www.pcc.gov.tw/News_Content.aspx?n=3147CE21437457B2&sms=9DBA

B9FE4BBD5E1E&s=7AB43476636EC0ED

5. 環境資訊中心https://e-info.org.tw/node/3270


 

【 Sponge Family | What Is a Wetland?】

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (1971) produced an international,

intergovernmental treaty which defined wetlands as “…areas of marsh, fen,

peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water

that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the

depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters” (Ramsar Convention Bureau,

2001).

Wetland is an environment with water, soil and aquatic plants.

Sunlight brings energy, and life is born through the photosynthesis of plants, and

forming a rich wetland ecology .

Wetlands are areas with both land and water environments, such as mangroves,

swamps, rivers, lakes, rice fields and interstitial areas, are all wetlands.

 

| Why Are Wetlands Important? |

#Gene Library of Life in Water #Nurture Animals and Plants

Wetlands play the role of "gene library of life in water", giving birth to many animals

and plants.

#The Kidneys of the Earth #Filter water

Wetlands are like the kidneys of the earth, they can preserve nutrients in water, filter

out chemical pollutants, and accumulate suspended substances.

#Classroom of Nature #Leisure Education

In addition to providing ecological viewing, hiking and other recreational activities,

watlands are also an excellent field for nature teaching!

#Sponge in the City #Regulation of Water Level

Wetlands provide a wide range of water storage.

When surface water is too much, wetlands allow enough time for the water to divert

and infiltrate into the ground,

Wetlands absorb surface runoff, and store floodwater, which has the function of

Regulating the water level of the flood front, thereby reducing flooding disasters.

When the earth is dehydrated, wetlands that absorb a lot of water can release all

that water, and contributes to the regulation of resources and air humidity.

📣Wetlands have so many functions , having great value in maintaining the quality

of our living environment!

 

| What Is a Sponge City? |

Sponge city refers to a city that has the ability to absorb and store water like a

sponge, and it makes the urban environment adaptable to drought and flood

disasters under climate change.

At the same time, sponge city has the function of ecological environment protection.

The establishment of sponge city includes water conservancy, environmental

engineering, urban planning and design, disaster prevention, landscape,

and the integration of multi-faceted and interdisciplinary knowledge.

Wetlands are like sponges in animations, and It can help the city to strengthen the

ability of water absorption and drainage.

Wetlands also have various functions of ecological conservation, purification of water

quality, and adjustment of urban climate.

Wetlands are an integral part of the sponge city concept!

|Vision Union and Wetland management |

Vision Union has a lot of experience in promoting wetland environment education.

Such as Shezidao Wetland, New Taipei City Dahan River artificial wetlands, etc.

In particular, the Dahan River artificial wetlands in New Taipei City contain eight

wetland groups.

In the future, we will introduce it to you individually.

Welcome to visit the Dahan River Wetland Tourism Center and wetland groups when

you have time!

 

📗References

1.Taiwan wetland https://wetland.e-info.org.tw/quiz/what-is-wetland

2.Greenpeace https://www.greenpeace.org/taiwan/update/23189

3. Urban and Rural Development Branch, Construction and Planning Agency

https://wetland-tw.tcd.gov.tw/tw/FaqContent.php?ID=58&secureChk=e3ae72247b6

463f6d9df8dad67d65ae9

4.Public Construction Commission, Executive Yuan

https://www.pcc.gov.tw/News_Content.aspx?n=3147CE21437457B2&sms=9DBAB9F

E4BBD5E1E&s=7AB43476636EC0ED

5.Taiwan Environmental Information Association https://e-info.org.tw/node/3270

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